As we move through life, find a partner, raise a family, and maybe start a business, the importance of insurance in a long term plan increases. That’s because insurance is all about providing a financial safety net that helps you to take care of yourself and those you love when you need it most.
Here are 5 reasons why insurance matters.
Your family depend on your financial support to enjoy a decent standard of living, which is why insurance is especially important once you start a family. It means the people who matter most in your life may be protected from financial hardship if the unexpected happens.
None of us know what lies around the corner. Unforeseen tragedies such as illness, injury or permanent disability, even death – can leave you and your family facing tremendous emotional stress, and even grief. With insurance in place, you or your family’s financial stress will be reduced, and you can focus on recovery and rebuilding your lives.
No matter what your financial position is today, an unexpected event can see it all unravel very quickly. Insurance offers a payout so that if there is an unforeseen event you and your family can hopefully continue to move forward.
No amount of money can replace your health and wellbeing – or the role you play in your family. But you can at least have peace of mind knowing that if anything happened to you, your family’s financial security is assisted by insurance.
A lump sum death benefit can secure the financial future for your children and protect their standard of living.
To ensure you’ve got the right cover for you and your family, please contact us today.
The 2016/17 Federal Budget proposed several amendments to superannuation, both in the accumulation and pension phase. A number of these measures that will change the concessional contributions (CC) that can be made, was passed through Parliament on 23 November 2016.
The changes to CCs include:
From 1 July 2017, the annual CC cap will reduce to $25,000 for all individuals, regardless of age. Indexation of the CC cap to changes in Average Weekly Ordinary Time Earnings (AWOTE) will continue on an annual basis, but, in increments of $2,500. This is likely to result in more frequent increases to the cap. The table below shows the aged based CC caps that will still apply for the remainder of 2016/17.
Where possible, a client can take advantage of the higher CC limits for this financial year. For an employee, this would require entering into a salary sacrifice arrangement, as only future earnings can be sacrificed to superannuation. A self-employed client has greater flexibility and can make a CC closer to the end of the financial year.
There are no changes to the assessment of excess CCs. Excess CCs are included in an individual’s assessable income and taxed at their marginal tax rate. The excess CC charge will also be payable. Where a person has made an excess CC and an election is made not to withdraw the excess from the fund, then this amount is treated as a non-concessional contribution
Ordinarily, an employer is required to pay the superannuation guarantee (SG) at 9.5% up to the maximum contribution base (MCB) of $51,620 per quarter. This regulation limits the mandated SG contribution for the 2016/17 financial year to $19,616 for an individual employee but does not prohibit an employer from making employer contributions above this level (e.g. salary sacrifice or employer voluntary contributions).
The reduction in the annual CC cap clearly limits the contributions that a person can make to super. When the reduction in the annual non-concessional contribution (NCC) cap to $100,000 from 1 July 2017 is also taken into account, the overall capacity to make ongoing contributions to super is significantly reduced. The consequence is that alternative investment options outside the super environment may need to be considered.
From 1 July 2017, the income threshold above which an additional 15% tax is payable on CCs (within the annual limit) will be reduced from $300,000 to $250,000. This is known as ‘Division 293 tax’. There is no change to the definition of ‘income’ for the purpose of determining liability for the additional tax or the way in which the liability is calculated.
The ATO issues a separate notice to any person who is liable to pay Division 293 tax.
From 1 July 2017, all individuals under the age of 65 (and those aged 65 to 74 who meet the work test), will be able to claim a tax deduction for personal super contributions. Currently, only people who derive less than 10% of total income from employment sources are eligible to claim a tax deduction. This change will enable a range of clients, who were previously not able to make a concessional contribution, to now do so.
Key examples of people previously excluded from making CCs are those:
Care should be taken regarding the amount claimed as a tax deduction. CCs are taxed at 15% in the superannuation fund and, therefore, income should not be reduced below a level that a client will personally pay less tax compared to the superannuation fund.
From 1 July 2018, certain individuals will be able to accrue unused CCs and carry these amounts forward. This change will enable a CC in excess of the annual cap to be made in subsequent years. Amounts will be carried forward on a five year rolling basis. As the new regime will only apply to unused amounts accrued from 1 July 2018, the first year a person will be eligible to utilise a carried forward amount will be the 2019/20 financial year.
To make use of a carried forward CC, an individual’s total superannuation balance cannot exceed $500,000 on the 30 June of the previous financial year.
Contributions made in excess of the annual CC cap, where a person has unused cap amounts from one of the five prior financial years, will be deducted from unused amounts from the earliest to the latest financial year. Unused amounts which have not been utilised within five years will not be available to carry forward.
Small business owners selling their business or business assets may be eligible to use the proceeds to contribute to
superannuation free of capital gains tax (CGT) subject to certain limits and eligibility criteria. The small business CGT cap allows for the capital gain realised on the sale of any active small business asset up to $500,000 per eligible taxpayer to be contributed to superannuation. If the asset has been held for more than 15 years, that threshold rises to $1.415 million for the 2016/17 financial year.
Once small business CGT concessions are contributed into super, these amounts will count as part of a member’s total superannuation balance. For CC catch-up contribution purposes a member’s total superannuation balance as at the previous 30 June must be below $500,000.
For further information, please contact Campbell Flower or John Todd at Odyssey Financial Management on 1300 761 669.
The Federal Treasurer, the Hon. Scott Morrison MP, delivered his second Federal Budget on 9 May 2017.
With the main focus on affordable housing, there are minor impacts on personal income taxation, superannuation and social security entitlements.
This summary provides coverage of the key issues.
The Medicare levy will increase by half a percentage point to 2.5 per cent of taxable income from 1 July 2019. Other tax rates that are linked to the top personal tax rate, such as the fringe benefits tax rate, will also be increased.
Low-income earners will continue to receive relief from the Medicare levy through the low-income thresholds for singles, families, seniors and pensioners. The current exemptions from the Medicare levy will also remain in place.
The Temporary Budget Repair Levy (TBRL) will definitely cease on 30 June 2017. This means that the top marginal tax rate (where taxable income exceeds $180,000), including the Medicare levy, will reduce from 49.0 percent to 47.0 per cent from 1 July 2017, and increase to 47.5 per cent from 1 July 2019.
From 1 July 2017, deductions for travel expenses related to inspecting, maintaining or collecting rent for a residential rent property will be disallowed.
Investors will not be prevented from engaging third parties such as real estate agents for property management services. These expenses will remain deductible.
Also from 1 July 2017, plant and equipment depreciation deductions will be limited to outlays actually incurred by investors in residential real estate properties. Plant and equipment items are usually mechanical fixtures or those which can be ‘easily’ removed from a property such as dishwashers and ceiling fans.
From 1 January 2018, the CGT discount will increase from 50 per cent to 60 per cent for resident individuals who elect to invest in qualifying affordable housing.
To qualify for the higher discount, housing must be provided to low to moderate income tenants, with rent charged at a discount below the private rental market rate. The affordable housing must be managed through a registered community housing provider and the investment held for a minimum period of three years.
From 1 July 2016, foreign investors were subject to a withholding tax where they sold a residential property for $2 million or more. The obligation to withhold falls on the purchaser of the property.
From 1 July 2017, this threshold will reduce to $750,000. As median house prices in both Sydney and Melbourne exceeded $750,000 in the December 2016 quarter 1, a far greater number of purchasers will need to be conscious of these rules to avoid any penalties for failure to withhold.
This obligation to withhold applies where:
– has a record about the purchase indicating that the vendor has an address outside Australia, or
– is authorised to provide a financial benefit (eg make a payment) to a place outside Australia (whether to the vendor or to anybody else).
Measures will be introduced to ensure that taxpayers do not arrange their affairs in a way that means ownership interests in larger businesses do not count towards the small business CGT tests.
This will ensure that the small business concessions are available to the appropriate group of taxpayers.
From 1 July 2017 individuals will be able to make voluntary contributions to superannuation of up to $15,000 per year and $30,000 in total, to be withdrawn for the purpose of purchasing a first home. Both voluntary concessional and non-concessional contributions will qualify.
These contributions (less tax on concessional contributions) along with deemed earnings can be withdrawn for a deposit from 1 July 2018. When withdrawn, the taxable portion will be included in assessable income and will receive a 30 per cent offset.
Features associated with this measure include:
It is proposed that from 1 July 2018, people aged 65 and over will be able to make a non-concessional contribution of up to $300,000 from the proceeds of selling their home. These contributions will be in addition to the existing contribution caps.
Features associated with this measure include:
Contribution eligibility requirements, such as the work test and restrictions on contributions from age 75 will not apply to these contributions. The requirement to have a total superannuation balance of less than $1.6 million to be eligible to contribute will also not apply.
George and Jane, both retired and aged 76 and 69, sell their home to move into more appropriate accommodation. The sale proceeds are $1.2 million. They can both make a non-concessional contribution into superannuation of $300,000 ($600,000 in total), even though Jane no longer satisfies the standard contribution work test and George is over 75. They can make these special contributions regardless of how much they already have in their accounts.
A one-off Energy Assistance Payment will be made in 2016-17 of $75 for single recipients and $125 per couple for those eligible for qualifying payments on 20 June 2017 and who are a resident in Australia.
Qualifying payments include the Age Pension, Disability Support Pension, Parenting Payment Single, the Veterans’ Service Pension and the Veterans’ Income Support Supplement, Veterans’ disability payments, War Widow(er)s Pension, and permanent impairment payments under the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 (including dependent partners) and the Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1988.
The new Budget includes a 0.06 per cent levy on bank liabilities (a deposit a bank is obliged to pay interest on) for the ANZ, Commonwealth, NAB, Westpac, and Macquarie banks. Smaller banks will not be affected.
This levy will take effect from 1 July 2017 and won’t apply to customer deposits of less than $250,000.
There is a risk, however, the cost of the levy may be passed on to customers.
Some experts estimate that the five largest banks would need to raise home loan standard variable rates by 0.2 per cent to offset the earnings impact of the levy.
The Government also announced the creation of a new external dispute resolution body, the Australian Financial Complaints Authority (ACFA), designed to replace the existing Financial Ombudsman Service, the Credit and Investment Ombudsman and the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal.
“In response to the [Professor Ian] Ramsay review, we are establishing a simpler, more accessible and more affordable one-stop shop for Australians to resolve their disputes and obtain binding outcomes from the banks and other financial institutions,” Treasurer Scott Morrison said.
Should you require further information on any of the issues raised in the latest Budget, or wish to discuss how any of the proposed changes may impact on your personal circumstances, then please call or email either John Todd or Campbell Flower, Wealth Advisers and Directors of the Company.
We look forward to being of assistance to you.
Your personal assets (‘estate’) will one day be divided among the people you love and the causes you believe in. But do you know exactly how that division is going to happen? Or whether you could be distributing your assets more tax-effectively?
While your family may have a good understanding of your intentions, the only way to avoid uncertainty and make the most of your legacy is to put together a formal estate plan.
A valid Will specifies how you would like your estate distributed following your death. Combined with the rest of your estate plan, it can be used to make provisions for children and grandchildren – as well as yourself while you are alive – through various powers of attorney and guardianship.
If you pass away without a professionally-drafted, up-to-date Will, it opens the door to the confusing and often expensive world of intestacy. This could see some of your estate eroded by legal fees at the expense of your beneficiaries.
Despite the importance of a Will, it’s estimated that around 45 per cent of Australians don’t have one . Among those that do, many could find their Will doesn’t meet strict legal requirements – effectively leaving loved ones no better placed than if there was no Will at all.
Another important part of estate planning is ensuring the effective distribution of your assets to the intended beneficiaries. Tax is a key consideration here – particularly around benefits paid out of superannuation.
If you leave your superannuation death benefit – including the proceeds of any life insurance held in super – as a lump sum to a spouse or someone who is financially dependent on you (such as a child or grandchild who lives with you), there will be no tax payable by the beneficiary.
However, if you leave that death benefit to someone who is not financially dependent (such as an adult child or grandchild) they may have to pay tax of up to 31.5%. Not only is this an unfavourable result from a tax perspective, it could mean your estate is distributed unevenly as a result.
Working with your solicitor and financial adviser, you can put together a Will and estate plan to help ensure your wishes are carried out in the way you intended, and in the most tax-effective way possible.
Ongoing reviews of your estate plan every year or two help to ensure it keeps up with any changes in your personal circumstances, or changes in the rules and regulations.
To know what you’re leaving behind, and to find out more about getting your estate plan in order, talk to your financial adviser today.
High prices. Fast bidding auctions. A mass of new constructions. The housing market has risen fast in the past few years but is it becoming too risky? Tim Rocks, Head of Market Research & Strategy, believes there is little to fear from housing at the moment but investors might find more attractive opportunities in shares.
The view of rapid increases in house prices since 2011 has lead to fears around:
The truth is, the increases have been concentrated in areas with rising employment, incomes and population flows like Sydney and Melbourne, while others have just risen with inflation – or even fallen like Adelaide and Perth (Source: Corelogic). Falling interest rates have offset increasing house prices so households are actually spending roughly the same percentage of their income on mortgage repayments as they did before the rapid rise in prices. Mortgage defaults are also lower than historic averages (Source: Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA)). This might change if interest rates or unemployment suddenly rise, but at this stage, interest rates are more likely to stay the same or even decrease.
The sharp increase in housing prices, even in areas like Sydney and Melbourne, is unlikely to last forever but doesn’t necessarily mean a crash. While prices have increased, construction of new apartments has also been rapid. For example, developers added 30% to city apartment supplies in Melbourne, 36% in Brisbane and 18% in Sydney by the end of 2015 (source: RBA). This additional supply has seen rent increases slow down and vacancies rise, which should gradually translate to a slowdown in prices and construction.
So from an investment perspective, housing is likely to be less attractive over time because a greater supply not only means less opportunity to command high rent, but also less certainty of a constant rental income. But for owner-occupiers, this change may translate to some stabilisation in house prices – and greater opportunities if interest rates stay low.
Investors specifically targeting returns may need to extend their search beyond bricks and mortar. Currently, shares and listed REITs (listed property trusts) offer higher yields compared to the rental income and deposits from residential property (Source: Datastream). This is likely to continue over the next couple of years, particularly as supply in residential property increases, but also as the need for office space, warehouses and shopping centres continue to make listed REITs necessary.
An investment property may still be an important part of a portfolio, but it depends on what your goals and needs are, along with your expectations for returns. Shares and listed REITs can be a riskier type of investment, but do offer the potential both for higher gains – or bigger losses – depending on a range of factors.
In today’s hectic world we often spend so much time worrying about the future or lingering in the past we forget to enjoy the present. But tuning into the wonderful things happening around us as they happen can be life changing. It’s also a great way to combat stress, especially when it comes to our finances.
The Australian Psychological Society’s 2015 stress and wellbeing in Australia survey found financial concerns are the top cause of stress among Australians. Whilst we stress about our finances sometimes things fall outside of our control. Being more mindful is one way to address this.
Mindfulness expert Elizabeth Granger explains mindfulness is moment-to-moment awareness. “This can be cultivated by doing formal mindfulness practice where you set aside meditation time to deliberately pay attention to the present moment in a non-judgmental way. It involves bringing curiosity and a sense of allowing what is here to be here, as opposed to judging what’s happening in our lives.”
Mindfulness practices originated from Buddhist traditions more than 2500 years ago. So they are not new phenomena. More recently these techniques have been embraced by western culture.
Nevertheless, mindfulness takes a certain amount of effort, says Granger. “We spend so much time wanting experiences or ourselves to be different it can feel difficult to allow things to be the way they are, as opposed to how we wish them to be. While there is nothing technically difficult about mindfulness practice, it does require discipline to pay attention this way.”
Path to the practice
Granger came to mindfulness while working as a litigation lawyer and studying psychotherapy on the side, all while raising two young children.
“As soon as I started practising I noticed how it helped me manage stress and how I could think more clearly under pressure. It helped me open up to many more possibilities,” she enthuses.
According to Granger she is now more able to manage her emotions thanks to her mindfulness practice. “My focus has improved, including my ability to resist distractions. But the biggest change is the way I am open to the world around me. I have more capacity than before and I’m happier as I savour more moments of my life.”
Mindfulness can be practised anywhere, says Granger. “I remember once meditating while walking around the airport when my plane was cancelled, so it is a very portable practice which can be done anywhere.”
If you’re feeling the stresses of life, mindfulness can be a way to control or reduce those feelings. Another way to ease your money worries is to ensure you have your financial affairs in order. If your financial future is keeping you up at night and mindfulness just isn’t doing the trick, please don’t hesitate to contact us.
Investing in your future
As digital customers, we use the internet everyday to login to personal and banking accounts, check news updates or to log on to social media (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube). We perform so many tasks using the internet, believing that it’s safe, that we tend to neglect security and preventative measures to deter cybercriminals and fraudsters.
Yet according to research, fraud is a serious problem in Australia. In its last report on personal fraud in Australia, the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ (2012)1 reported that 1.2 million Australians were the victims of fraud in the year to 2010/2011. During this period, $1.4 billion was lost by Australians as a result of fraud.
Keep your personal information safe by following these 8 tips.
By changing your login details at least once a month, you can cut down your chances of being a target of cybercrime. Choose passwords that are hard to work out and never share your passwords with anyone else.
Be cautious when giving out personal information such as your name, address, phone number or financial information on the Internet. Make sure that websites are secure (e.g. when making online purchases) or that you’ve enabled privacy settings (e.g. when accessing/using social networking sites).
Check your bank and credit card statements every month. Destroy all documents with your personal information on them.
Try to avoid shared computers, like those at an Internet cafe, because you won’t always know if it’s backed up with good security software. Keep in mind when using other computers to download your bank statement, the browser may cache your information and make it available for other people to view. To avoid this, make sure you clear the cache at all times. If you have to use a shared computer, sign out properly and close the browser or application completely when you’ve finished.
While public WiFi hotspots are convenient, they are not secure. Try to avoid making any financial transactions or account logins while using a public WiFi hotspot.
It’s essential to do thorough due diligence before entering into any commercial agreement with another party. There’s a lot of publically available information you can use to check if the counterparty to any transaction is bona fide. For instance, you can go to the Australian Securities and Investments Commission’s website to search for company names. You can also find out if financial professionals have been banned from operating in their industry, through the website.2
You may hear alarm bells ringing if you are experiencing pressure to sign a contract, agree to a sale or hand over money. No legitimate business will pressure you into buying their products or services. Consult a qualified professional such as your financial adviser or solicitor before signing any contract.
In many cases a cooling off period applies when it comes to buying financial products or large purchases such as property. This means you can cancel a transaction within a certain period after signing a contract. These are state-based laws and the length of the cooling off period differs depending on what you’re buying and where you live. Go to the web site of the body responsible for consumer affairs in your state for information about the length of the cooling off period that applies to your purchase.
So even if you are pressured to make a purchase or sign a contract by a scammer, in most cases it’s possible to cancel the arrangement within a certain time frame.
Also remember that fraud is a criminal offence. If you are the victim of fraud, or find you have been scammed, it’s important to immediately report this to the police. For more information on reporting cybercrimes or fraud, logon to the Australian Government’s MoneySmart website.3
A scam is any attempt to unlawfully make you pay money or hand over your personal details. One of the more common scams are emails from Nigeria, asking you to provide your bank account details so the sender can purportedly send you a large sum of money. These are always fraudulent. If something looks too good to be true, it almost always is.
Phishing is when you receive an email from your bank or another organisation with which you do business, asking for you to provide your password or other personal details. Your bank, your Telco and your energy provider will never ask you to email this information to them. Any email from your bank or financial services provider that asks for personal details is a scam.
It’s essential to only buy goods and services from reputable businesses over the internet. Make sure when you are buying online, you transact with businesses that have a secure payment gateway. An option is also to pay with PayPal, which means you don’t have to hand over your credit card details. Look for the Verisafe Mobile Security icon, which is a sign the business is reputable.
It’s also important to work with your financial adviser, banker or accountant on an ongoing basis to ensure your finances and accounts have the highest protection possible.
Do you think you’ve been scammed? You should report the scam to a government agency so that you can find out about your rights and options. For more information on reporting cybercrimes or fraud, logon to the Australian Government’s MoneySmart website.4
This information is of a general nature only and has been provided without taking account of your objectives, financial situation or needs.
Because of this, you should consider whether the information is appropriate in light of your particular objectives, financial situation and needs.
Odyssey Financial Management is an authorised representative of Total Financial Solutions Australia Limited.